The Buffalo Soldiers were not the only segregated minority group fighting in the Indian Wars. Companies E and F of the Arizona Volunteers were made up of Mexicans. Although they spent much of their time in the Verde Valley at Fort Lincoln (later Fort Verde), they were initially stationed at, and finally mustard out, at Prescott's Fort Whipple.
Many openly questioned the effectiveness of using Mexicans to protect area settlers. However, once tested in battle, the office of the Governor of the Arizona territory stated: "Those who doubted the ability of our native troops to do good service are now convinced of their error." (*1)
It started on the evening of February 12th, 1867 and Company E was preparing for its most lauded victory in what would become known as "La Batalla de Cinco Cuevas" (The Battle of Five Caves).